One of my favorite subjects in my graduate school is Strategic Management. We did a lot of readings and analysis on different case studies on how prominent organizations expanded their competitive advantage. I did papers on Apple’s differentiation strategy, Google’s strong technological competence, Wal-mart’s low cost model and Shangri-La’s world class customer service.
As an Operations Manager, this topic is very close to my heart. It is the collection of tools and principles to be able to achieve the highest efficiency levels while we transform resources into goods or services that our customers will buy. It ensures that company goals on quality, delivery, cost and safety are religiously met and continuous improvement is practiced all throughout the organization. My master’s thesis falls under this subject matter. It focused on batch sizing methodology in Semiconductor Backend Operations. With the use of Lean Methodology, I was able to determine the efficient batch size that will work with the factory parameters presented on the study as well as a decision model that can be modified to make it applicable to others.
Industrial Engineering is a very interesting field of engineering where we constantly find ways to improve things. With the use of math and sciences, it simplifies complex systems and aids decision makers in the organizations to make the right choices. Since college, I have been exposed with a lot of literature about Industrial Engineering from Scientific Management by Frederick Winslow Taylor, Motion Studies and Ergonomics by the Gilbreths and Project Management and Scheduling by Henry Gantt. As part of academic requirement, I completed several studies applying their principles in solving real business problems that we have observed in our company visits. Some of my work includes a motion and time study in a garments factory to improve productivity, a systems study to streamline waste disposal methodology in our university and an ergonomics study to determine fatigue allowances in the manual assembly line of an electronics company.
The first time I went to a Celine Dion “Taking Chances” concert in 2013, I was the most excited person in the crowd. It was in Boston. Knowing it would be the world-famous, successful singing diva and iconic Celine Dion who will be singing familiar and multi-million selling songs, my heart pounded so hard when the line started for the ticket entrance. Celine Dion is a Canadian singer who started performing at the age of five and had been in the industry for almost 30 years (Nepales, 2013).
I knew I was not the only one excited and overwhelmed to be part of the amazing show. I was giddy; excited as a child who will have a first taste of an adventure. I have never seen Celine Dion in a alive concert and seeing her singing live infront of a full-packed audience was something I had never dreamed of.
I waited in line for a long time, but I never felt the ticking minutes. I was with my family and a few friends. It was a show that we sure would not miss in the world. We got great seats that had a great view of the legendary artist Celine.
Before I took my seat, I feasted my eyes on the gigantic stadium and I felt an overwhelming feeling. I was in the biggest stadium I have seen in my life and every person entering, taking their own seat looked like ants, so small together packed in a colossal arena. I knew inside me that I was going to watch, probably the best concert I had ever been in my entire life and my heart just would not stop pounding. I would say, there were a thousand expectators who came that night, but looking through the stadium, I would assume it nearly reached a million which sounds like an exaggeration. I was so overwhelmed and too excited, I swear I never blinked for a second because I was afraid I would miss a thing. It was too overwhelming to take it all in. I would even say, I was breathless from the moment I entered the field until Celine Dion said goodbye for the night.
The stage stood in the middle of the huge stadium. It was simple platform, enough to fill the other artists who would be performing with Celine Dion. A large projector was set in the middle of the stage, high up in the stage. It provided a better and a clearer view of Celine Dion and the artists for those who were too far from the stage.
Before the concert started the crowd was thick and full, all waiting for the start of the show. When the entrance music was played on signalling for the start of the show, everyone stood up. The lights were turned off to motion for the start of the show. The crowd went wild, roared with excitement and started to feel even more excited. Then the lights went in different directions, beaming with various hues of blue, red, yellow, orange; an eclectic bursts of color that even made the crowd thrilled and ecstatic. I shouted to the top of my lungs like all other audience.
The show started with a play of Celine Dion’s musical concerts around the world; showing her solid performance onstage in different countries. I knew I was going to watch a wonderful performance that night; something I would never forget in a lifetime.
After a few minutes of the musical video, the music went even louder as Celine Dion, in a simple, short purple dress came out. The crowd went even wilder. I was so overwhelmed and I choked on my feelings and mixed emotions. It was a feeling of elation and euphoria. Some even had tears in their eyes upon seeing Celine Dion walk from backstage to the platform in the middle of the stadium. It was truly an unforgettable moment and it was in that moment where I realized how influential, iconic and famous Celine Dion had become. Who would not know her? I knew in that moment that every person in the world must have been touched by Celine Dion’s music.
The start of the show was amazing. She first sang an upbeat song and everyone sang with her. Even the male audience who came with their moms, sisters and spouses got to sing and dance with the famous diva. What was even more amazing was, she kept an interaction with the audience. She did not only sing, but she also shared a part of her life to the people who looked up to her for years. The concert was indeed one memorable experience not only for me, for all those who came and celebrated the songs of a legendary artist.
Nepales, R. (14 November 2013). Celine Dion reflects on life, career. Inquirer.net. Retrieved
April 11, 2014, from http://entertainment.inquirer.net/120887/celine-dion-reflects-on-life- career
Judicial Activism and the Limits of Judicial Power
The government of the United States of America operates on the basis of two important principles, to wit: (1) the Separation of Powers and (2) the Principle of Checks and Balances. Basically, these principles mandate that each branch of the government should not interfere or encroach upon the powers of the others (Barton, 2003). However, it is also dictated that they must check upon the other branches so as to ensure that they take the limitations provided under the law into consideration. Verily, these systems are of utmost significance in order to prevent a government that is dominated extensively by one government (Carrese, 2003). The issue with respect to the abovementioned even becomes more controversial in relation to the affairs of the Judiciary. Headed by the Supreme Court, the Judiciary has been mandated by the Constitution to interpret the laws of the land and at the same time, to ensure that the Legislative and Executive Branches of the Government are working in accordance with the provisions of the law. Essentially, these interpretations become part of the law of the land (Schlafly, 2004). Nevertheless, the Judiciary or the Supreme Court must be confined to the interpretation of the laws and can never exercise the power of legislation.
It is because of this role of the Judiciary that there are limitations imposed upon them. On one hand, the judiciary may not entertain cases that involve questions of policy. This is solely anchored on the fact that these actions remain within the jurisdiction of the Executive or the Legislative. In addition thereto, the Supreme Court is likewise bound by the principle of stare decisis, which means that once they have decided on a certain matter, they should adhere to the same when faced with a similar controversy (Barton, 2003). Considerably, the Supreme Court is prohibited from overturning a decision based solely on political considerations. It is in this regard that the concept of judicial activism arises (Carrese, 2003).
In general, judicial activism refers to an instance whereby the Supreme Court decides a case based solely on political considerations. In this regard, it is often associated with the tendency of the Supreme Court to legislate rather than focus only on their Constitutional Duty of interpreting the law. It is because of this that Judicial Activism is often perceived both negatively and positively (Schlafly, 2004).
The issues with respect to judicial activism and the limitations to the exercise of judicial power have been raised in the landmark case of Hopwood vs. Texas. In general, the case involves an issue pertaining to the affirmative action policy in students’ admissions. The Circuit court decided the case against the University. As a result thereof, the latter appealed the decision before the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court, however, declined to take cognizance of the review, stating that the said case is not ripe for judicial review (Barton, 2003. In this regard, the decision that the University cannot use race as a factor has been considered as the law of the land.
This decision sparked numerous protests across the country, questioning the legality of the Supreme Court’s Decision. Criticisms have been thrown thereto for its failure to take the rights of the students to education and the possible resegregation of educational institutions. Clearly, this was a case of Judicial Activism due to the failure of the Supreme Court to merely interpret the law and instead, come up with a new legislation with respect to the matter at hand. Ultimately, in 20003, the Supreme Court abrogated its decision in Hopwood vs. Texas (Carrese, 2003).
Barton, A. (2003). Restraining Judicial Activism. CA: Sage Publications.
Carresse, P. (2003). The Cloaking of Power. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Schlafly, P. (2004). The Supremacists. UK: Wiley.
Critique of a Criminal Journal Article
The juvenile justice system is perceived as a mechanism to promote the welfare of youth offenders. However, its implementation is disparate among genders as young girls are pulled deeper into the system because of harsher punishment even for simple misdemeanor cases. The juvenile justice system inflicts more harm than good to young girls, as evidenced by the article written by Sherman (2013) entitled Justice for Girls. This primary source examined traditional juvenile justice procedures, such as warrants, detention and incarceration as a form of social control for girls which resulted into further involvement with the juvenile justice system. Sherman (2013) traced the inadequacies to structural bias embedded within the system, beginning with the principle of Parents Patriae in which the state assumed the role of parent and perceived confinement as a suitable method to control juvenile misbehavior. This was seen as a “goodwill act,” which protected young girls from further harm and victimization but in actuality it arose from the fear of sexual expression and “intolerance of girls who are not readily cooperative and compliant” (Sherman, 2013). Teenage girls are expected to be “obedient, modest and cautious” in their actions and prepare for motherhood and family duties that a deviation from these standards are meted with strict punishments. Girls spent time in detention and prison for petty offenses and are placed in inappropriate facilities and which further aggravate rebellious behavior. Sherman (2013) uses running away and trauma as incidents that bring girls deeper into the system as punishments do not address their psychological needs and prefer to lock them away and isolate them from their families and other avenues of support. Sherman (2013) recognizes that the call for the re assessment of the JJDP Act in 1992 has led states to reform juvenile justice programs that are more gender responsive and more attuned to girls’ needs. Prevention programs must explore why girls misbehave and how the family, community and social expectations influence behavior. Juvenile justice systems must also address the needs of sexually exploited children and provide communities of support and empowerment rather than rely on harsh punishments to modify behavior.
The above-mentioned journal article can be evaluated using the holistic journal critique method. This measures the acceptance, validity and relevance of the report in the realm of criminal justice. Sherman (2013) identified the need for the juvenile justice system to respond to the need of young girls since they have been subjected to structural bias and controlling mechanisms for a long time. The second aspect deals with the related literature of the research. The research is reflective since it provides a historical basis for the paternalistic notion of protecting girls from future harm and victimization and outlines the purpose of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Program uses relevant statistics for support. The report provides a cohesive outline of the topic and informs the reader to focus on addressing young girls’ needs rather than imposing restrictive procedures. The research topic also inspires additional research, since it recommends the formulation of supportive programs. As such, Justice for Girls deserves publication in a scholarly journal since it calls the attention of policy makers to formulate gender-responsive programs. It convinced the reader that girls must receive equal and appropriate treatment and that policies for juvenile delinquents must address their victimized status and warrant for supportive rather than restrictive mechanisms to be in place. Sherman (2013) suggested trauma-informed approaches and client counseling as effective means of addressing young girls within the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Program’s gender responsive efforts.
Implementing the “treeing method” to locate references yielded two related articles regarding girls’ experience in the juvenile justice system. A related topic is set forth by Jennings (2011) in which labeling youth as status offenders created a “stigmatizing effect” that results into increased delinquency and criminality in the future. It explored how the labels “children in need of supervision” (CINS) or “families in need of supervision” (FINS) resulted to delinquency. CINS/ FINS youth are treated similarly in this study and their behavioral displays of repeatedly running away from home, truancy in school and repeated disobedience of parents and guardians qualify them as CINS/FINS. Statistics were analyzed according to gender and showed an increase in delinquent behavior after their referral as CINS/FINS youth which serves to confirm the labeling theory utilized by the study. The study also showed an increase in female delinquent behavior, which is consistent with Sherman’s (2013) observation. One of the recommendations of the study reechoes Sherman’s call for youth to have better access to supportive services that will enable them to rise above the negative label and prevent delinquent acts in the future.
Labeling has a negative impact on a teen’s self-concept and warrants the need for alternative methods to address juvenile delinquency. The research conducted by Miller, Barnes, Miller and McKinnon (2013) showed that mentoring at-risk youth is a cost-effective strategy in decreasing delinquency among youth. Youth mentoring activities involve local communities and can serve as a positive intervention strategy for youth. Mentoring can take the form of individual, peer-to-peer and group interactions that aim to divert youth from “risky or delinquent behaviors” (Miller, Barnes, Miller & McKinnon, 2013). It can also be implemented as lessen recidivism in delinquent youth. As such teenage girls’ experiences with the juvenile justice system as a form of social control stem from the frustration of expected gender roles. Girls perceived as deviants and status offenders live up to their labels and commit further delinquent acts. However, the increased attention on this youth minority have led to substantial reforms that focus on addressing their victim status and creating appropriate mechanisms that are sensitive, supportive and empowering.
Jennings, W. (2011). Sex Disaggregated Trajectories of Status Offenders: Does CINS/FINS Status Prevent Male and Female Youth from Becoming Labeled Delinquent? American Journal of Criminal Justice 36: 177-187
Miller, J., Barnes, J, Miller, H. & McKinnnon, L. (2013). Exploring the Link between Mentoring Program Structure and Success Rates: Results from a National Survey. American Journal of Criminal Justice 38: 439-456.
Sherman, F. (2013). Justice for Girls. American Journal of Criminal Justice 18.2 (Summer 2013): 9-17.
As an accounting student, one of our subjects involves the Management side. I have written several topics on Behavioral Management, Business Management, and Human Resource management. Most topics that were covered involve strategies and techniques when it comes to creating and managing a business. Strategies that were involved include SWOT analysis and other methods that can help the business owners gauge where they are heading in that kind of business. I also did comparative study between two companies and illustrate what are the relative edges of one company to the other and what are the rooms for improvements that one may apply. I also did a comprehensive paper on strategic human resource management.
Great paper. Would definitely recommend to others.
Wow, received a prefect score on the paper after a few minor changes. Thank you for the wonderful insight and references.
Learning is a process which encapsulates perplexity due to diversity. This diversity is brought about by several factors such as physiological, psychological, environmental, and teaching methods. However, it would be utopian for an individual to have these factors all in its optimal level. Therefore, learning process should be facilitated with techniques which would enhance an individual’s capability, one of this is environment-based education.
Environment-based education is delineated as quoted, “a process that aims to develop an environmentally literate citizenry that can compare in our global economy; has the skills, knowledge, and inclinations to make well-informed choices; and exercises the rights and responsibilities of members of a community” (“Using environment-based education to advance learning skills and character development”, 2001, p2.). The primary goal of this approach is to enhance awareness and knowledge of people of different ages about environmental science and its pertinent social issues in order to aid in establishing a sound environmental decisions.
There is a significantly low rate of people who have at least moderate awareness about environment. In fact, Coyle (2005) mentioned that only 12 percent of Americans can pass a basic awareness quiz about energy. In addition to this, an approximately 80 percent of the Americans are profoundly influence by either outdated or faulty environmental myths. Literacy on environment is very integral for not only the average Americans, but also among politicians, law makers, corporate board members, and other people who held significant position in various organizations. In short, environmental literacy is integral among all Americans for majority of people’s decision making are pertinent to environment.
Coyle (2005) mentioned that environmental education could also be significantly health in education’s mainstream in order to increase academic efficacy. In addition to this, there have been evidences from the recent studies that enviromement-based programs aid in boosting standardized test scores. In fact, this approach was expound to help in generating high performance lifelong learners, effective future workers and problem solvers, a thoughtful leaders of community as well as participants, and people who genuine care about their surrounding including people, places, and creatures (“Using environment-based education to advance learning skills and character development”, 2001).
Environmental-based education appears to provide a resolution that would enhance students’ academic efficacy as well as gaining more profound awareness on the place they live in. The effectiveness of this approach was placed to test through several studies. The result was remarkable and at the same time, it brought enlightenment on how learning is best facilitated. Environment would perceived to be relevant to Science subjects, however, it does not imply that Environmental-based education is only feasible and limited in such discipline.
Upon thorough evaluation on this approach, it showed that science and technology had been significantly more appealing to students and it also increased their interest in the subject. In fact, on the study conducted in Chariton Middle School in Iowa, environmental-based education brought about a one grade higher score among 50 percent of the enrolled student (both male and female), while about 28 percent of the students were able to attain three grades higher under the program. There are 4 other schools and universities who were able to attain profound results