While enrolled in graduate school, one of my classes is about Human Resource. In that class, we have to do an action research proposal, and we did a group research on the effectiveness of the Human Resource in that school. We interviewed and used a questionnaire for the employees of the school, divided into 3 groups: academic staff, administrative staff, and technical staff.
Other than the action research proposal for class, I also did a paper on what kind of training is perceived as effective by employers and employees. It was found out that most companies and employers spend thousands in training and development of their employees, but rarely are those training and development found to be useful for both the employees and the company who paid for it. However, it was also a proposal, and it was up to the client to continue the research.
Today’s workplace is characterized by increasing globalization, heightened technology dependence and evolving consumer demands that constant training is a vital component of workforce development. Training equips workers with the needed knowledge and skills to ensure that the company’s human capital serves as its competitive advantage. Training enables workers to keep abreast with the latest trends that improve productivity and increase the use of technology for efficiency. However, America’s workforce is ageing (Charness & Czaja, 2006) and older workers face age-related challenges in keeping pace with the rigors of a demanding workplace. Older workers face limited career advancement opportunities and pressing needs for technological competence to remain as respected employees. While training is the most suitable solution that can minimize these obstacles, training must be age and content appropriate to ensure that older workers are able to gain and utilize new knowledge that will enable them to live up to the expectations of being a seasoned and reliable component of the labor force.
The Mature Workforce
The imminent retirement of the baby boom generation and a forecasted labor shortage, altered retirement policies and technological advancement serve as basis of the older worker phenomena (Charness & Czaja, 2006). Increased educational attainment and overall wellbeing also contribute to the continuance of mature workers’ employment. Recent trends in the United States work force depict an increase of the employment of older workers primarily due to economic and social concerns (Lockwood, 2003). Mature workers now work beyond retirement and engage in either full or part employment along with phased retirement or bridge employment (Charness & Czaja, 2006). Older employees derive financial and social satisfaction from employment as their contributions to their respective companies are recognized. Managers perceive seasoned workers as flexible, serious, responsible and loyal. Managers also observe that mature workers have a solid work ethic. Their continued presence and valuable insights strengthen the company.
Issues in Training and Development
Lockwood (2003) identifies “private and public workplace policies, limited opportunities in career advancement, negative stereotypes, work attitudes and health issues” as barriers that deter workforce participation (Lockwood, 2003). Managers are often doubtful of older workers’ ability to learn new ideas and use technology that Charness & Czaja (2006) emphasize the need for older workers to train on a consistent basis. Older workers experience “functional limitations” (Charness & Czaja, 2006) such as visual impairment, hearing decline and changes in motor skills and cognitive abilities. These must be taken into consideration in the formulation of training methods, materials and facilities. Management can consider enlarging prints for training manuals and visuals while speech recognition technologies make training programs more accessible. Recognizing that older workers process and integrate information longer can dictate the training pace which is in line with their preference for accuracy as opposed to speed. Content must also be age appropriate so they can readily identify with the concepts and increase retention. Aside from trainings, older workers can also benefit from career opportunities such as consultancy, mentorships and work sharing with younger employees (Lockwood, 2003). These scenarios enable knowledge transfer from seasoned to novice employees. Best development practices applicable to older workers include creating flexible schedules, decreasing work hours and telecommuting. Companies can also initiate wellness and retirement programs to ensure workers’ health.
Older workers continue to provide valuable contributions to their respective companies and the overall economy. Appropriate training and development programs enable seasoned employees to overcome barriers imposed as age related decline and create new opportunities for learning and competence. Best practices ensure that seasoned workers gain needed knowledge and skills and likewise facilitate information transfer. Training and development not only provide workers with a sense of personal accomplishment as it extends to corporate success and stability as well.
Charness, N. & Czaja, S. (2006). Older Worker Training: What We Know and Don’t Know.” AARP Public Policy Institute. Retrieved December 04, 2014 from http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/econ/2006_22_worker.pdf
Lockwood, N. (2003). The Ageing Workforce: The Reality of Older Workers and Eldercare in the Workplace. Society for Human Resource Management Research (SHRM) Quarterly. Retrieved December 4, 2014 from http://www.shrm.org/Research/Articles/Documents/0304aging.pdf
A genetic disorder is an illness that is caused by abnormality in a person’s DNA. There are different types of genetic disorders. One of these known genetic diseases is sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder in which an individual’s body produces abnormally-shaped red blood cells. These cells appear to be in crescent or sickle shapes that lead to anemia. The sickle cells block blood flows because they get stuck in blood vessels. The organs of a person are damaged due to this abnormal flow of blood in his or her body (U.S. Library of Medicine, Sickle Cell Anemia, nlm.nih.gov). Also, the abnormal sickle cells usually die after only about 10 to 20 days. The dying cells are not replaced because the bone marrow cannot make new red blood cells fast enough (National Institutes of Health, What is Sickle Cell Anemia? nhlbi.nih.gov).
Sickle cell anemia commonly affects African-Americans in the United States. Based on statistics, in every 500 African-American babies born in the United States, one turns out with a sickle cell anemia disease. Sickle cell disorder is also most common among individuals in Africa, India, the Caribbean, Middle East, and the Mediterranean. Sickle cell anemia is said to be prevalent in these regions because carriers of a mutation in the beta-subunit of hemoglobin are more resistant to malaria (The University of Utah, Sickle Cell Disease, learn.genetics.utah.edu).
Like blood type, eye color, and other physical traits, sickle cell conditions are inherited from parents. A person’s production of hemoglobin in his or her red blood cells depends on what haemoglobin is passed down by parents (News Medical, Sickle-Cell Disease Genetics, news-medical.net). Sickle cell disease is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, wherein an abnormality only occurs when both parents have abnormal genes. If both parents are carriers, it means that a baby has 25 percent chances of inheriting the disease. Both parents must pass down a defective copy of the gene s that a child will inherit the disease (The University of Utah, Sickle Cell Disease, learn.genetics.utah.edu).
Hemoglobin is a significant protein in the red blood cells. Hemoglobin is crucial in transporting oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Normally, red blood cells are round and flexible so they can travel freely through the narrow blood vessels. In sickle cell anemia, they are misshaped. The hemoglobin molecule has two parts. They are alpha and beta. Patients with sickle cell disease have a mutation in a gene on chromosome 11 that codes for the beta subunit of the hemoglobin protein. As such, the hemoglobin molecules are not formed properly. This cause the rigidity and concave shape of the red blood cells. When stuck in blood vessels, oxygen is not transported in the organs properly; thus they get damaged (The University of Utah, Sickle Cell Disease, learn.genetics.utah.edu).
The most common symptoms of sickle cell anemia are pain and fatigue. People who have this disease often have shortness of breath, dizziness, headaches, or coldness in the hands and feet. Children with sickle cell diseases are very susceptible to infections. This is because their damaged spleens are unable to protect the body from bacteria. Impaired lung function can also occur in young ages. Children with sickle cell disease live longer. However, older patients now experience long-term adverse effects of the disorder. The most serious dangers are acute chest syndrome, long-term damage to major organs, and stroke. Among women, sickle cell anemia can cause complications during pregnancy. It can also lead to high blood pressure and low birth weight among babies (The New York Times Company, Sickle Cell Anemia, nytimes.com).
A blood test can be done to show if a person has sickle cell anemia. The newborn screening is done nowadays to determine if newborns have sickle cell anemia. There is no available cure for sickle cell anemia, but treatments can relieve symptoms and lessen complications (U.S. Library of Medicine, Sickle Cell Anemia, nlm.nih.gov).
Meanwhile, to prevent infections among babies and young children with sickle cell, a daily dose of penicillin is recommended. Penicillin can prevent deadly infections among children with sickle cell anemia. Aside from this, folic acid is also needed to build new red blood cells among patients. Rest and avoidance of strenuous physical activities are also recommended among patients with sickle cell anemia. Blood transfusion is also a common treatment among patients. This provides a patient with healthy red blood cells that he or she needs. A bone marrow transplant is done to patients with severe cases of the disease. A bone marrow transplant from a sibling is the ideal procedure for patients with sickle cell anemia. Transplants provide patients with healthy red blood cells (U.S. Library of Medicine, Sickle Cell Anemia, nlm.nih.gov).
According to the U.S Library of Medicine, researchers are also looking into new treatments such as blood and marrow stem cell transplants, gene therapy, and new medicines to cure this disease (U.S. Library of Medicine, Sickle Cell Anemia, nlm.nih.gov).
Sickle cell is a life-long disease. Medical experts and researchers are looking for new and aggressive treatments for the disease, aiming to prolong life among patients and improving their way of living. In the 70s, the average lifespan for people with sickle cell disease was only 14 years. With advances in science and treatments, life expectancy for sickle cell anemia now reach 50 years and over. It was also known that women with sickle cell anemia now live longer than men with the disease (The New York Times Company, Sickle Cell Anemia, nytimes.com).
National Institutes of Health, What is Sickle Cell Anemia? Web. n.d. 11 November 2013.
News Medical, Sickle-Cell Disease Genetics. Web. n.d. 11 November 2013.
< http://www.news-medical.net/health/Sickle-Cell-Disease-Genetics.aspx >
The New York Times Company, Sickle Cell Anemia. Web. n.d. 11 November 2013.
< http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/sickle-cell-anemia/prognosis.html >
The University of Utah, Sickle Cell Disease. Web. 11 November 2013.
< http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/disorders/whataregd/sicklecell/ >
U.S. Library of Medicine, Sickle Cell Anemia. Web. 11 November 2013.
< http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sicklecellanemia.html >
Crimes are part of every society. Crimes have been around for ages. Philosophers and scholars tried to explain what are behind the acts of crimes and why individuals commit crimes and societal wrongdoings. Two famous scholars paved the way for the two famous criminology schools of thoughts. They are Cesare Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso. Beccaria started the Classical theory, which explains that people have free will to choose whether to pursue the right path or the wrong way. Meanwhile, Lombroso, the pioneer scholar behind the Positivist school of thought said that crimes are triggered not by a person’s free will, but by external and internal factors that surround a person.
In 2010, in Kahta, Turkey, the body of a 16-year old girl was found by Turkish police. The body was buried under a hole dug in the girl’s home. Based on evidence, it was found out that the girl was buried alive by her own relatives. This crime known as “honour” killing was carried out as a punishment for the girl for talking and having relations to the opposite sex. This crime is best explained by the classical theory of criminology, which explains that the relatives of the girl have chosen to do the crime out of a rational decision. They must have been aware of their actions. They carried this act because they have chosen it as their only solution to settle their predicament with the girl. As explained by the classical theory, people have free will to succumb to crimes to resolve their problems.
Lindsay Lohan, the Disney actress turned defiant citizen had been arrested for several years due to DUI cases. But her most shocking misdeed was when she stole a diamond necklace worth $2,500 in a custom jewelry store in Venice Beach in California. This crime is best explained by the classical theory, which also expounded that a crime is attractive to criminals when it promises great benefits with little effort. Lindsay Lohan apparently did this act because she tried to seek pleasure and avoid pain. While we know that she could have afforded the necklace, she chose to steal it instead out of free will because she desired pleasure more than anything else.
On the other hand, when George Zimmerman shot Trayvon Martin, a young black man, people cried that the case was a “racial profiling” crime. Zimmerman shot Martin in the chest because he identified Martin as a suspicious-looking individual. The crime happened in February 26, 2012 in Sanford, Florida. This is a crime that explains the positivist thought, wherein individuals’ criminal behaviour are caused by internal and external factors. Zimmerman’s case is best described by his racial discrimination, leading him to kill a young man.
The Boston Marathon bombing crime which took place in April 2013 killed three people and injured 264. The suspects, Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev planted pressure cooker bombs that exploded near the finish line. Dzhokhar said that they were motivated to do the crime because of their Islamic beliefs. This crime is another example under the positivist school of thought, which again explains that people are motivated to do crimes because of other factors, other than free will.
In 2012, gangs in Guatemala targeted to rob people in buses, who just received their Christmas bonuses. These types of crimes in Guatemala are not new. These happen due to poverty. This robbery in buses explains the positivist view on crimes that individuals act unlawful because of factors such as poverty.
Hubpages. (2011, December 15). Classical Vs. Positivist Criminology. Retrieved September 15,
2013 from http://jacinda1977.hubpages.com/hub/Classical-Vs-Positivist-Criminology
Montaldo, C. (n.d.) The Trial of George Zimmerman. About.com Guide. Retrieved
September 16, 2013 from http://crime.about.com/od/current/a/The-Trial-Of-George-Zimmerman.htm
Montaldo, C. (n.d.) The Legal Trials of Lindsay Lohan. About.com Guide. Retrieved
September 16, 2013 from http://crime.about.com/od/current/a/The-Legal-Trials-Of-Lindsay-Lohan.htm
Romo, R. (2012, December 7). Gangs target bus riders, drivers for Christmas bonuses. CNN.
Retrieved September 14, 2013 from http://edition.cnn.com/2012/12/07/world/americas/guatemala-aquinaldo-bus-crime/index.html
The Associated Press. (2013, September 14). Friends of Boston Marathon bombing suspect
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev plead not guilty. NYDailyNews.com. Retrieved September 15, 2013
My undergraduate degree is focused on Anglo-American literature. I have written several papers on various books written in different time periods. My studies ensure daily exposure to literature and heavy analysis of such texts. Despite my major focusing on British and American literature, I have taken up classes on European and Asian literature and written papers on such subjects as well. I can write using several conceptual frameworks and different literary theories at request.
An example of a paper I wrote is on how Byron’s “The Gaiour” can be read in a postcolonial manner and be discussed in terms of the characters, using the sole female character as the colonized subject and body. Another paper I wrote is on The Love Letters of Abelard and Heloise. I wrote the paper in a historical-feminist framework, emphasizing on its 12th-century French origins and how their relationship is problematic and abusive.
I am also comfortable in writing on other fields in the humanities and social sciences such as art, philosophy, and history.
Food Disparities between Wealthy and Disenfranchised Neighborhoods
This research paper involves discovering food disparities between wealthy neighborhoods and disenfranchised neighborhoods. The goal is to compare and contrast the two kinds of neighborhood when it comes to food availability and nutrition. Also, this paper aims to determine the factors that affect such disparities and find out the reasons for limited access to healthy foods for those living in disenfranchised areas or neighborhoods. This will allow for more profound discussion about nutrition and may direct future research on the food disparities between wealthy and disenfranchised neighborhoods.
Ample consumption of healthy and nutritious foods everyday is vital to every person’s health and well being. However, not all people have the means to buy and put enough food on their table, especially healthy and nutritious ones. This sad fact apparently has caused food disparities between wealthy neighborhoods and disenfranchised neighborhoods. Luckily, those people in wealthy neighborhoods are able to have enough and consistent supply of healthy and nutritious foods. On the other hand, people who live in disenfranchised neighborhoods unfortunately do not have enough means to buy themselves healthy foods; some hardly even eat properly.
Food security is very important in every neighborhood. But those in the disenfranchised neighborhoods are mostly “food insecure,” thus leading to poor health. Even in New York City, there are a number of nutritionally insecure neighborhoods which are characterized by relative poverty and poor health (Manwelyan, 2011). The issue of healthy food access and consumption
Food Disparities between Wealthy and Disenfranchised Neighborhoods 3
in disenfranchised neighborhoods is complicated. Nonetheless, this paper will seek and discover the factors that affect and contribute to the residents’ insufficient consumption of healthy foods as well as their unhealthy eating habits.
Understanding ‘Food Deserts’
Basically, food deserts pertain to geographic areas where people have limited or little access to affordable nutritious foods. This is because of the absence of grocery stores in certain neighborhoods. The term was first used in Scotland and characterized neighborhoods that can encompass many thousands of people and/or an extensive land area as defined by city blocks or square miles (Mulligan et al, 2015). Food deserts are usually located in rural areas and low-income neighborhoods. Residents in food desert areas have only less access to stores that offer healthy food choices, thus making the residents susceptible to various health diseases like diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular diseases. This is simply because of insufficient consumption of healthy foods and poor food choices. Because the supply of healthy foods to these areas is very limited, people compromise their health by eating only what is available, which are mostly unhealthy.
Apparently, food deserts are a problem as they have a big impact on people’s health especially to those who live in disenfranchised neighborhoods. The supply of healthy foods in food deserts is really a big problem. However, even if this problem has been addressed, it does not guarantee that people will purchase healthy foods because of its price. Those people in wealthy neighborhoods can surely purchase because they have the means. But unfortunately, there are people who will not be able to buy healthy foods despite the fact that there is enough supply. These people may include those who really do not have enough money or those price-conscious shoppers who want to save. In this note, there is a possibility to solve the problem in food deserts and supply of healthy foods in rural areas. But no one can control the people’s buying decision when it comes to healthy foods. Nonetheless, there are factors that may affect their buying decision and healthy food consumption.
Consumption of Healthy Food in Wealthy Neighborhoods
The main reason why wealthy people are able to eat enough healthy foods is because they have the means to buy them. Also, it is presumed that a healthy and high-quality diet follows a socioeconomic gradient in which people with higher socioeconomic status are more likely to consume healthy foods than ones with limited economic means. People who live in wealthy neighborhoods mostly consume fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, lean meats and low-fat dairy products, thus helping them become healthier. Their easy access to healthy foods is known to affect different aspects of energy balance. Such food consumption gives them a better control of their diet which results to healthy and high-quality diet and better health.
According to a study conducted by Darmon & Drewnowski (2010), intakes of some essential vitamins and minerals follow a socioeconomic gradient consistent with certain food consumption patterns. The study summarizes that higher socioeconomic status groups had consistently higher intakes of most vitamins and minerals and fibers than did lower socioeconomic status groups. Also, dietary intakes of folate, iron and vitamin C are sufficient among people with higher socioeconomic status which meets their dietary recommendations.
Ironically, poor neighborhoods have higher rates of obesity than wealthy neighborhoods. This is simply because people in disenfranchised neighborhoods highly consume unhealthy foods because of limited budget. Apparently, junk food is much less expensive than fruits and vegetables. On the other hand, people in wealthy neighborhoods are able to consume healthy foods because they do not need to save just to be healthy. However, sometimes, a healthy diet is not much of a financial issue. Apart from the socioeconomic status of a person, there are other reasons why wealthy people are more likely to consume healthy foods than the poor ones.
For one, if a person is wealthy and live in a stress-free environment, they are more likely to eat well and exercise. On the other hand, if a person is poor and lives in a stressful and unsafe environment, they are likely to eat emotionally, thus leading them to unhealthy eating. In essence, if a person is stressed, they will opt to pleasure their taste buds by eating sweet foods, which are apparently unhealthy and may trigger various diseases especially diabetes. What’s more, most people in poor environment are engrossed with their work because they want to earn enough. Therefore, they tend to disregard healthy eating and regular exercise. When they are busy with work, they are much likely to prefer instant foods rather than home-cooked meals. Unfortunately, while wealthy ones are planning their diet and exercise, poor people are busy making money while discounting their diet and health.
Consumption of Healthy Food in Disenfranchised Neighborhoods
Fruits, vegetable and other healthy foods are really expensive nowadays; one reason why people in disenfranchised neighborhoods hardly afford them. People with less wealth standing are the ones who mostly experience food vulnerabilities. Fresh and high-quality foods are required for any person’s diet. Though fruits and vegetables usually come from rural areas, there are still neighborhoods that become disenfranchised. This is due to lack of retail and grocery stores that offer healthy foods. Hence, disenfranchised neighborhoods become food deserts and people who live in such places experience healthy food vulnerability and insufficiency.
In America, food deserts or disenfranchised neighborhoods are prevalent. One common disenfranchised city is Oakland specifically East and West Oakland where there are many low-income areas. Because the people here only have limited access to healthy foods, it causes them poor health, thus even leading to early death. An article from The Pulse of Oakland (2013), proclaims that in the city of Oakland, there is approximately 400, 000 residents in low-income areas are dying more than a decade earlier than people a few miles away in wealthier neighborhoods. This sad fact somehow raises the question if inequality can really make people sick. Because of unequal distribution of health, people who get less supply of healthy food suffer.
In this article, Melinda Monterosso, an Oakland resident states her story about living in a food desert. At an early age of 15, Melinda was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Apparently, she thought she was young enough to suffer from this disease. Somehow, Melinda realized that she got the disease perhaps because of unhealthy diet. Essentially, unhealthy diet always leads to various diseases. Melissa admits that she eats junk food everyday as well as chips and processed foods. However, she does not think that this is because of personal choice but because healthy foods in their area are not accessible.
Melinda Monterosso lives in a Castlemont, a place where liquor stores and fast food are everywhere. For people in such area, those foods offered around the corner are convenient simply because they are the ones that are accessible. Though there is a grocery store jam-packed with healthy foods in their place, it takes a half-hour bus ride to reach that grocery store. Practically, if a person is hungry especially busy, they are likely to opt for fast food than ride the bus to buy fruits and vegetables. Unfortunately, this scenario usually happens because most of the residents there do not have car for a much easier travel. “If I can walk down the street and get something healthy, I’d do it. But I have three corner stores around my home, all walking distance and the nearest supermarket is three or four miles away,” Melinda complained. Such situation would always make Melinda sad and angry that because of living in a food desert, she had to suffer diabetes at a young age. Apparently, people like Melinda Montresso are more practical and they would rather choose convenience over healthy foods in which they have to endure. Sadly, this practicality is making more and more people suffer because of unhealthy living.
Other Factors that Affect/Contribute to Unhealthy Food Consumption
Apart from location, inaccessibility and environment, there are other factors that may affect unhealthy food consumption among people in disenfranchised neighborhoods. According to what the researcher learned from previous health studies, here are some factors that may affect or contribute to unhealthy food consumption in disenfranchised neighborhoods.
Junk Foods in Schools
Though there is a limited access to healthy foods because of their location, this does not mean that schools have to tolerate children from eating unhealthy foods especially junk foods. Basically, eating lots of junk food cause obesity. This is one of the reasons why there are more obese children in poor communities than in wealthy neighborhoods. In relevance to this, the availability of junk foods in schools can contribute to the growing rate of childhood obesity. Though sales of junk food and other competitive foods like sodas and candies may increase the revenue of school canteens, it is still not sensible to encourage children to eat unhealthy foods just because of high profit. In this notes, schools are more reliable on what kinds of food students eat since children spend more of their time at school than at home. Children are the ones who mostly need nutritious and healthy foods but because of junk food availability in schools, their consumption of healthy foods is highly increased.
Gorman (2015) says that junk food availability in schools raises obesity. In her study, she finds out that it is the actual availability of junk food in schools, rather than advertising or pouring rights, that is associated with weight gain. With such finding, the researcher recommends that official policies must ban junk food and soda in schools to help prevent obesity and unhealthy diet among children. Bassier at al (2013) agrees that the foods and beverages in schools, especially junk food and soda, have a significant impact on children’s diets and weight as many students consume more than half of their daily calories at school. Also, Fayerman (2014) finds out in her study that kids who go to schools where junk food and sugary drinks are readily available from vending machines or cafeterias are more likely not only to drink them but also to be obese.
Another factor that affects unhealthy food consumption in disenfranchised neighborhoods is income inequality. Basically, income is much higher in urban areas than in rural areas. Higher compensation makes people in wealthy neighborhoods more capable of buying and eating healthy foods. On the other hand, people in disenfranchised neighborhoods with low income only for cheap food choices which are mostly unhealthy.
A study conducted by Beaulac et al (2010) presents that low-income neighborhoods frequently lack full-service grocery stores and farmers’ markets where residents can buy a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products. Because of low income and lack of transportation, people in disenfranchised neighborhoods settle for refined grains and foods with added sugars and fats because they are inexpensive. On the other hand, Blundell (2011) summarizes that income inequality has diverse effects on the lives of low-income neighborhoods especially to their health and lifestyle. Because of low income, families in disenfranchised neighborhood cannot have a healthy eating habit and their physical activities are also limited. This is due to lack of parks, gyms and exercise facilities that can help them have a better and healthier lifestyle. Nonetheless, Grier & Kumanyika (2013) highlights that effectively addressing ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in wealthy and disenfranchised neighborhoods require understanding which causes of unhealthy food consumption might be especially prevalent or intensified. This way, it will be easier to understand which factors greatly affect the food choices and eating habits of people who live in food deserts of disenfranchised neighborhoods.
Bassier et al. (2013). Controlling Junk Food and the Bottom Line. Illinois Public Health
Publications. Illinois: p.8.
Beaulac, M. (2010). Why Low-Income and Food Insecure People are Vulnerable to Overweight
and Obesity. Food Research and Action Center. Washington, DC: p.21.
Blundell, R. (2011). From Income to Consumption: Understanding the Transmission of
Inequality. IRP Publications. London: p.6.
Darmon, N., Drewnowski, A. (2010). Does Social Class Predict Diet Quality? The American
Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Seattle: p.5.
Fayerman, P. (2014). Availability of Junk Food in Schools Encourages Obesity. The Vancouver
Sun. Vancouver: p.14.
Gorman, L. (2015). Junk Food Availability in Schools Raises Obesity. The National Bureau of
Economic Research. p.17.
Grier, S., Kumanyika, S. (2013). Targeting Interventions for Ethnic Minority and Low-Income
Populations. The Future of Children Journal, Volume 16, Number 1. p.11.
Manwelyan, E. (2011). Good Food for All: Understanding Nutritional Insecurity and the
Potential Role of Food Cooperations in the Food Desert of New York City.
Columbia University. p.3.
Mulligan, J. et al. (2015). Public Health Effects of Food Deserts. The National Academies Press.
Washington, D.C.: p.5.
Schell, Britanny. (2013). The Health Gap: Is Inequality Making Us Sick? The Pulse of Oakland.
I found writing history much easier than other academic papers. In college days we are tasked to write history papers every week, from the life of famous philosophers, World wars and history of communication and media during early years. I apply my resourcefulness and determination to complete the tasks. I am thankful that I was able to be participate this academic activity. It broadens my knowledge and awareness of the past events. The chance of being part of this academic subject opportunity to deepen my critical reading and writing skills
Google launched its 2013 techiest device before the month of February ends. It is the so called, Glass; which features a wide variety of actions and entertainment via voice activation. The company, Google, achieved the interaction made by the user and the techie idea. One of the newest features in the field of technology via voice activation is that, Glass can take a picture anywhere while you’re using it by saying, “Take a picture!”, your voice will be technically to be translated as signals connecting to Glass. Another is that, while using a video conference/calling, you can actually pull up pictures from the on-going video conferencing.
Glass technology added new features that can be a competitive advantage to Apple’s SIri. One of the features is that while travelling in different countries, Glass can translate phrases you’ve wanted to in a certain language. Along with Glass is a new Google integration called, Google Now. It was also an interactive help kiosk along with Glass technology. It was mention that Google Now and Glass can pull up information regarding for example you’re assigned terminal no. in and departure time in an airport.
Google announced that they’ve been accepting pre-orders since the released date of Glass. It costs $1,500(£980) for this gadget. Google targets the same market culture that the competitor, Apple Siri has.